Web modeling (aka model-driven Web development ) is a branch of Web engineering that addresses the specific issues related to design and development of large-scale Web applications . In particular, it focuses on design and visualizations that can be used for the realization of robust, well-structured, usable and maintainable Web applications. Designing a data-intensive Web site amounts to a description of various orthogonal abstractions. The main orthogonal models that are involved in complex Web application design are: data structure, content composition, navigation paths, and presentation model.
In the beginning of the web development, it was normal to access Web applications by creating something with no attention to the developmental stage. In the past years, web design firms had many issues with their web site development and other applications. Web development tools have helped with simplifying data-intensive Web applications by using page generators. Microsoft ‘s Active Server Pages and JavaSoft’ s Java Server Pages have contributed by bringing content and using user – programmed templates.
Several languages and notations have been devised for Web application modeling. Among them, we can quote:
- HDM – W2000
- the Interaction Flow Modeling Language (IFML), adopted by the Object Management Group (OMG) in March 2013
- UML Web Application Extension
- UML-based Web Engineering (UWE)
One of the main discussions for this discipline is the Model-Driven Web Engineering Workshop (MDWE) held annually in conjunction with the International Conference on Web Engineering (ICWE) conference.